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These episodes wake the sleeper as he or she gasps for air. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, and stroke is also a leading cause of death and disability. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for both. One in five adults suffers from at least mild sleep apnea, and it afflicts more men than women, Dr. Arnett said. The most common type is obstructive sleep apnea in which weight on the upper chest and neck contributes to blocking the flow of air.

Another type, called central sleep apnea, is far less prevalent. Obstructive sleep apnea OSA is associated with obesity, which is also a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. Besides obesity contributing to sleep apnea, sleep deprivation caused by sleep apnea can, in an ongoing unhealthy cycle, lead to further obesity, Dr. Arnett explained. Acute and chronic effects of airway obstruction on canine left ventricular performance. Haptoglobin polymorphism is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Lavie L. Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome--an oxidative stress disorder. Sleep Med Rev. Bradycardia during sleep apnea.

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Screenings for insomnia important at younger ages

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Less Than 6 Hours of Sleep Boosts Cardiovascular Risk, Findings Show

Essays Biochem. Elevated levels of C-reactive protein and interleukin-6, in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome are decreased by nasal continuous positive airway pressure. Regression of coronary artery disease as a result of intensive lipid-lowering therapy in men with high levels of apolipoprotein B. Cardiovascular effects of continuous positive airway pressure in obstructive sleep apnea.

Cardiovascular effects of continuous positive airway pressure in patients with heart failure and obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnoea in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy: effects of continuous positive airway pressure. Continuous positive airway pressure for central sleep apnea and heart failure. Relationship of metabolic syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea. Kylin E. Studien uber das Hypertonie-Hyperglykamie-Hyperurikamiesyndrome. Zentralblatt fur innere Medizin.

The metabolic syndrome: a global public health problem and a new definition. J Atheroscler Thromb. Grundy SM. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. Curr Opin Cardiol.

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Irish Heart Sleep disorders linked to heart disease and stroke - Irish Heart

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. Circadian rhythm of blood pressure in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Blood Press. Inflammatory proteins in patients with obstructive sleep apnea with and without daytime sleepiness. Sleep Breath. Sleep, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and cytokines: multiple interactions and disturbances in sleep disorders. Sleep apnea and daytime sleepiness and fatigue: relation to visceral obesity, insulin resistance, and hypercytokinemia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. National Center for Health Statistics Health. United States. Achieving healthy weight in African-American communities: research perspectives and priorities.

Obes Res. Snoring and sleep apnoea in men: association with central obesity and hypertension. A predictive morphometric model for the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Ann Intern Med. Sleep-disordered breathing and insulin resistance in middle-aged and overweight men. Longitudinal study of moderate weight change and sleep-disordered breathing. Diabetes mellitus as a predictor of cancer mortality in a large cohort of US adults. Am J Epidemiol. Obstructive sleep apnoea is independently associated with an increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome.

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The relationship between systemic hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea: facts and theory. Am J Med. Blood pressure and sleep apnea: results of long-term nasal continuous positive airway pressure therapy. Sleep apnea and systemic hypertension: a causal association review. Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome as a risk factor for hypertension: population study.

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Is sleep-disordered breathing an independent risk factor for hypertension in the general population 13, subjects? J Psychosom Res. Prospective study of the association between sleep-disordered breathing and hypertension. Harris MI. Diabetes in America: epidemiology and scope of the problem. Role of insulin secretion and sensitivity in the evolution of type 2, diabetes in the diabetes prevention program: effects of lifestyle intervention and metformin.

Obstructive sleep apnea is independently associated with insulin resistance. Sleep-disordered breathing, glucose intolerance, and insulin resistance: the Sleep Heart Health Study. Disorders of glucose metabolism in sleep apnea. Sleep loss: a novel risk factor for insulin resistance and Type II diabetes.

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Sleep disorders linked to heart disease and stroke

A prospective study of sleep duration and coronary heart disease in women. A prospective study of self-reported sleep duration and incident diabetes in women. Association of sleep time with diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance. Sanders MH, Givelber R. Sleep disordered breathing may not be an independent risk factor for diabetes, but diabetes may contribute to the occurrence of periodic breathing in sleep.

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Obstructive sleep apnea and risk factors for coronary artery disease. Pneumonol Alergol Pol. HDL dysfunction in obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnoea and its therapy influence high-density lipoprotein cholesterol serum levels. Expert Panel on Detection. Acute coronary syndromes and heart failure may reflect maladaptations of trauma physiology that was shaped during pre-modern evolution.

This article originally appeared in the Summer issue of sleep matters. Ask the Expert. Sleep Related Breathing Disorders.

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Sleep Apnea and Heart Disease. Somers What is the connection between sleep apnea and heart disease? Why does your blood pressure go up when your sleep is disrupted by sleep apnea? How can CPAP continuous positive airway pressure reduce the cardiovascular consequences of sleep apnea? Popular Articles. How Sleep Affects Your Immunity. Featured Article Image. Four Common Causes of Night Sweats. Also known as sleep hyperhidrosis, this condition involves repeated episodes of extreme sweating that can leave your sheets drenched.

Night sweats differ Sleep Apnea. Learn more about how these medical devices can make a big difference in nighttime comfort for people with breathing issues.